What Is Human Resource Management? What To Know

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Posted by: David Garcia October 05, 2021

Human Resource Management (HRM) is a department of professionals that manages all aspects of the business related to people. Some of the top tasks of HRM include payroll, hiring, benefits, safety, disciplinary actions, and evaluating performance.

While human resources are a vital part of any organization, the duties and actions performed by this department are often confusing to the people they manage and even executives who hire them. However, their actions are often a primary contributor to a company’s success. Ultimately, the people are what make a business thrive.

Continue reading below to learn everything you need to know about HRM and how it contributes to the overall success of an organization.

What is Human Resource Management?

HRM manages the people-related aspects of a business, including strategically brainstorming and implementing ideas to create a safe and productive company culture.

A successful HRM team will ensure that a company and its employees excel and achieve their goals. HRM professionals use a wide range of tactics to complete tasks. They may offer educational materials to employees, offer insights to managers, and aid with talent acquisition.

To better understand the HRM department, it’s vital to understand how it operates.

How Does Human Resource Management Work?

In essence, HRM is responsible for ensuring that all employees align with the goals and values of the organization. This means communicating to employees the importance of being part of a collective mission for success.

Being in HRM can also mean creating better community outreach and maintaining a company’s positive reputation. HRM keeps the productivity ball rolling through personal development among employees, organizing charity events, or sponsoring mentors to motivate staff.

People who work in HRM will also help recruit new talent for the organization. They may use a wide range of tools to find suitable candidates and screen and onboard those applicants. HRM professionals will typically run background checks, conduct interviews, and have continual communication with the candidates throughout the hiring process.

Furthermore, those that work in HRM need to actively maintain a safe and healthy work environment for all staff. Company executives rely on HRM to reduce liabilities and avoid lawsuits from customers, employees, and stakeholders.

Read more: The 7 Major Functions of HR Activities

The Roles & Responsibilities of Human Resource Management

Recruiting New Employees

Human resource professionals are at both the forefront and the backend of the recruitment process. Their role stretches far beyond posting job ads. HRM teams identify different ways to attract and recruit the best candidates for the job.

HRM often creates and displays attractive benefits and compensation for employees (see below) to recruit top-tier candidates interested in working for their organization. Once candidates apply, HRM staff handles preliminary tasks like running background checks, scheduling interviews, and introducing candidates to the company culture.

If an employee is selected, HR will take all the necessary measures to officially onboard them.

Employee Compensations/Benefits

Companies can stand out when trying to recruit new talent by offering attractive compensation packages and benefits. Furthermore, adequate compensation and benefits helps to retain employees. Crafting desirable compensation and benefits is one of the most critical responsibilities of the HRM team — and they need to achieve this while maintaining a healthy bottom line.

Compensation can include salaries, commissions, bonuses, and anything related to money in exchange for labor. HRM may also offer insight on the benefits typically offered at a given payscale, addressing any non-monetary perks such as paid time off, housing, vehicles, and holidays.

Evaluate and Improve Employee Performance

HRM professionals often review the performance of both managers and entry-level employees. They are responsible for helping staff develop their careers so that they can advance within the organization.

Human resources professionals sometimes receive a poor reputation since they are the ones responsible for discipline and critique. However, they typically have the employee’s best interest in mind. If an employee needs improvement, HR will help guide them in the right direction.

HR can make more calculated decisions about improving the overall employee experience and company workflow by collecting employee feedback and performance reviews. These insights are vital when recruiting new employees.

Health and Safety

Another critical role of HRM is to create a safe and healthy workplace for everyone in the company. Maintaining safety and health regulations protects the employees and the company’s integrity. Safety protocol may include anything from wearing protective gear in hazardous environments to preventing workplace accidents.

Implementing these health and safety measures protects everyone’s well-being and helps keep the company free of any liabilities.

Helping with Personal Issues

Humans are complex, and it’s normal for personal problems to affect performance. HRM needs to ensure that everyone in the workplace feels comfortable enough to perform their duties. Unhappy employees can potentially negatively impact the company’s bottom line.

For example, sometimes, an employee will consistently be late for work. It’s up to HR to investigate to see what’s causing the delay. If the employee has a personal issue preventing them from getting to work on time, HR can try to work with them to see if there’s any way to come to a resolution.

Requirements for a Human Resource Management Career

Becoming a HRM professional can be an incredibly satisfying career. You can contribute a great deal to an organization and earn an excellent salary.

To become an HRM , you’ll need at least a Bachelor’s degree in Human Resources or a related field. Some companies may require a Master’s degree, but the average requirement is for a Bachelor’s. You’ll also need strong communication and people skills to have a successful career.

Here’s a breakdown of how to become a Human Resource Manager:

1) Complete Education Requirements

While completing your degree in Human Resources, you’ll learn a wide variety of skills. You’ll learn about compensation, employee law, career development, and other key responsibilities. You can also try to get an internship at a company to obtain real-world experience.

2) Earn Experience

After receiving your degree, you’ll typically start in an entry-level Human Resources position at a company. You’ll learn the ropes and work closely with more experienced HR managers.

Some of your duties may be the same as a manager, but you’ll most often be helping with talent acquisition, employee benefits, and record keeping.

3) Meet Requirements to Become an HR Manager

Most HR professionals have at least five or more years of experience before being offered management positions. During your first few years in HR, you’ll need to display leadership, interpersonal relations, and communication skills to move to the next step in your career path.

If a company you’re working for recognizes your commitment and excellence, they may encourage you to apply for a management role. You can also look for a job opening for an HR manager at another organization if you don’t plan to stay with your current company.

Becoming an HR manager won’t happen overnight, but you’ll be on the right track if you consistently try to perform at your best.


No doubt, HRM is a critical component for companies in all industries. They are responsible for keeping the people of the company organized, healthy, and happy. A competent HR management team will ensure that the business thrives through a wide variety of unique circumstances.

Are you looking to find a top HR manager for your company? ScoutLogic helps recruiters find top talent through our world-class background checking process.

Contact our team today to learn how we can help you find the HR manager your company needs.

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